Sunday, 28 March 2010

Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus)

OTHER NAMES: Tree Sparrow
Latin Etymology: Passer ("sparrow") montanus ("of the mountains")
Adult Eurasian Tree Sparrow (subspecies P. m. saturatus) at Kyoto Imperial Palace Gardens, Kyoto, Japan - June 2013

Local Name (Japan): Suzume (スズメ) - "Sparrow"
Local Name (Italy): Passero Mattugio ("Morning Sparrow")
Local Name (Malaysia): Ciak Rumah ("House Cheep")
Local Name (Spain): Gorrión molinero ("Miller Sparrow")
Featured Subspecies: Passer montaus saturatus
Weight: 24g
Length: 12-14cm
Wingspan: 21cm
UK RED LIST / IUCN Red List: Least Concern

The Tree Sparrow is the rarer cousin of the near omnipresent house sparrow with a patchy distribution and generally quite rare. It is apparently just as widely spread as the house sparrow outside of Britain, but elsewhere it is far more localized in occurrence. I've seen them at Rutland Water and in hedgerows in Geddington. Since I originally photographed this one, interestingly they seem to be increasing their numbers near me.  In East Asia, including Japan and Malaysia, it replaces the house sparrow as the common urban sparrow species, and is found widely in inner city environments.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Passidae
Genus: Passer
Subspecies: P. m. montanus, P. m. transcaucasicus, P. m. dilutusP. m. dybowskii, P. m. kansuensis, P. m. iubilaeus, P. m. obscuratus, P. m. saturatus, P. m. malaccensis

- Sighting Locations -
UNITED KINGDOM - An localised resident breeding species (200,000 territories) - subspecies P. m. montanus
 - Seen at Rutland WaterPitsford Reservoir and in some years, Geddington.
JAPAN - Abundant resident - one of the most common urban birds.
 - KYOTO 2013 TRIP: Commonly throughout, seen in Kyoto and at Arashiyama
 - TOKYO/HOKKAIDO 2014 TRIP: Seen in Central Tokyo.
ITALY - A widespread resident

 - SICILY 2018 TRIP - Seen on Capo Murro di Porco 
MALAYSIA - A locally common resident.
 - MALAYSIA/SINGAPORE 2016 TRIP: A common resident of Kuala Lumpur and Malacca
SPAIN - A reasonably common resident,
 - MADRID 2016 TRIP: Seen near Laguna Campillo.
Further Notes: ArkiveBirdForum Opus, IUCN Red ListRSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto

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