Tuesday, 9 April 2019

Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla tschutschensis)

OTHER NAMES: Yellow Wagtail
Latin Etymology: Motacilla ("wagtail") tschutschensis ("of the Chukhotsi penninsula, Siberia")
Partially moulted Eastern Yellow Wagtail (subspecies M. t. macronyx) at Phnom Krom, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: probably Motacilla tschitschensis macronyx
Weight: 16-20g
Length: 15-16cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern 

Wagtails are always a pleasant sight, with their distinctive markings and characterful movement, it's never not nice to see one.  Taxonomically though, they are frequently a vexatious group, with wildly varying patternatation on different races and subspecies giving the appearance that they should be entirely different species.  In the case of the Yellow Wagtail, a split separated them into Eastern and Western species, but even within these delineated groups there is a lot of variety, with multiple subspecies turning up at different locations.  In this case, the lack of a supercillium is, as far as I can work out, a feature of the subspecies macronyx, which is the expected visitor for Cambodia.

Related Species:
Order:  Passeriformes
Family: Motacillidae
Genus: Motacilla
SUBSPECIES: M. t. plexa, M. t. tschutschensis, M. t. taivana, M. t. macronyx

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA Locally Wintering species.
SINGAPORE / CAMBODIA 2019 TRIP - One at Phnom Krom

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia)

OTHER NAMES: Indian Iora, Black-winged Iora, Small Iora, Ceylon Iora
Latin Etymology: Aegithina (a mythical bird mentioned by Aristotle) tiphia (possibly "tiara")
Non-breeding Adult female Common Iora (subspecies A. t. horizopteraat Ang Mo Kio, Singapore - February 2019

Featured Subspecies: Aegithinia tiphia horizoptera
Weight: 13.5g
Length: 12.5-13.5cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern 

Despite the cosmetic similarity to the sunbirds, the iora are a small family of just four species that seem to be fairly detatched from other passerines.  The Common Iora is as it's name suggests, the most common species of the four, found throughout much of South Asia. The male is a bit more a striking bird with high contrast plumage of yellow, black and white.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Aegithinidae
Genus: Aegithina
SUBSPECIES: A. t. multicolor, A. t. deignani, A. t. humei, A. t. tiphia, A. t. septentrionalis, A. t. philipi, A. t.  cambodiana, A. t. horizoptera, A. t. scapularis, A. t. viridis, A. t. aequanimis

 - Sighting Locations -
SINGAPORE - A resident.
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: One in Ang Mo Kio.

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata)

OTHER NAMES: Plain Wren-warbler, White-browed Wren-warbler
Latin Etymology: Prinia (originally Javan name for Bar-winged Prinia) inornata ("plain")
Adult breeding plumage Plain Prinia (subspecies P. i. herbertiat Phnom Krom, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: Prinia inornata herberti
Weight: 6-9g
Length: 11-15cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

The Plain Prinia is a small long-tailed warbler found over Soutern Asia, unlike most Eurasian Warblers it's plumage is similar in both genders but changes with the seasons, with this Winter bird being grey backed while they change to a warm nut brown back while in the Summer.  They are primarily lowland birds, and so it is fairly typical that this bird was sighted in a bush at Phnom Krom.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Cisticolidae
Genus: Prinia
SUBSPECIES: P. i. terricolor, P. e. inornata, P. i. franklinii, P. i. insularis, P. i. fusca, P. i. extrensicauda, P. i. blanfordi, P. i. herberti, P. i. flavirostris, P. i. blythi

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA Locally resident
SINGAPORE / CAMBODIA 2019 TRIP - One at Phnom Krom

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus inornatus)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Phylloscopus ("leaf seeker") inornatus ("plain")
Adult Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus inornatusat Siem Reap, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: None - monotypic
Weight: 7g
Length: 10-11cm
Wingspan: 17cm
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern 

A small, almost goldcrest like warbler with a very wide range of locations.  They breed in North-East Asia, but has a vast passage range covering almost all of Eurasia.  It occurs as a regular passage migrant in the UK, and I'd missed a couple of attempts to catch up with them as they headed for their Wintering grounds in Iberia and the West Coast of Africa.  However, a second area of Wintering is South-East Asia, and it is here I encountered this bird in a tree in the gardens of our hotel in Siem Reap.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Phylloscopidae
Genus: Phylloscopus
SUBSPECIES: none - monotypic 

  - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A fairly common Wintering species.
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: One seen at Siem Reap

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Dusky Warbler (Phylloscopus fuscatus)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Phylloscopus ("leaf seeker") fuscatus ("dark")
Adult Dusky Warbler (unknown subspeciesat Siem Reap, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: Unknown
Weight: 7-12g
Length: 11-12cm
Wingspan: 17-18cm
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

The dusky warbler is a leaf warbler of East Asia, breeding in bogs of taiga of Siberia and adjacent areas.  It has a very impressive vagrancy record, possibly as a result of being such a tiny bird with a logn migration route, it has ended up in such disparate places as the UK and California.  There are several subspecies, but as all of them are known to Winter in Indochina, it's impossible to say which one of them this particular bird was.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Phylloscopidae
Genus: Phylloscopus
SUBSPECIES: P. f. fuscatus, P. f. robustus

  - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A fairly common Wintering species.
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: One seen at Siem Reap

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Streak-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus conradi)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Pycnonotus ("strong back") conradi (after horticulturalist, Conrad Loddiges Jr)
Adult Streak-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus conradiat Prek Toal, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: N/A 
Weight: 28-36g
Length: 17-20cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

If I'm honest, the Streak-eared Bulbul is kind of visually one of the least compelling species I've seen; it's not really got any single distinctive species, it's just a medium small brown bird of vaguely thrush like proportions.  That being said, I must admit to being somewhat intrigued by it's range; it was one of the commoner species seen in Cambodia, seen in a couple of places, but has a fairly restricted range, largely limited to Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.  Presumably there are some kind of pressures that prevent what seems a fairly adaptable species expanding beyond that limited area? 

Related Species: 
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
SUBSPECIES: none - monotypic 

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A fairly common resident..
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP:Seen at Prek Toal and Siem Reap,

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Acrocephalus ("topmost head") orientalis ("of the orient")
Adult Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalisat Florican Grasslands, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: None - monotypic
Weight: 18-47g
Length: 18-20cm
Wingspan: 23-26cm
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

While the name I'd heard in advance made me imagine another small reed-type warbler, this is actually a recent split from the Great Reed Warbler - a giant amongst warblers more on the scale of a redwing - far far bigger than any resident warbler of the UK.  It is highly migratory, breeding in Mongolia, North-East China, Korea, Japan and Siberia, and wintering in South-East Asia where I saw it.   

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Acrocephalidae
Genus: Acrocephalus
SUBSPECIES: none - monotypic 

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A non-breeding migrant.
SINGAPORE / CAMBODIA 2019 TRIP - One seen at Florican Grassland Reserve

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Striated Grassbird (Megalurus palustris)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Megalurus ("great tailed") palustris ("marshy")
Adult Striated Grassbird (subspecies M. p. toklaoat Florican Grasslands, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ?
Featured Subspecies: Megalurus palustris toklao
Weight: 38-56g
Length: 22-28cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

Perhaps the name was a bit distracting at the time, but I didn't click until later that this species was a relation of the grasshopper warbler.  In retrospect, this makes sense - it shares a similar shape and plumage pattern to the species I've seen although considerably larger. 

Related Species:
ORDER: Passeriformes
FAMILY: Locustellidae
GENUS: Megalurus
SUBSPECIES: M. p. toklao, M. p. forbesi, M. p. palustris

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A fairly common resident.
SINGAPORE / CAMBODIA 2019 TRIP - Some seen at Florican Grassland Reserve

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Sunday, 7 April 2019

Oriental Skylark (Alauda gulgula)

OTHER NAMES: Small Skylark
Latin Etymology: Alauda ("lark") gulgula (unclear etymology)
Adult Oriental Skylark (subspecies A. g. gulgulaat Florican Grasslands, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: Alauda gulgula gulgula
Weight: 15g
Length: 15-18cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

The Oriental Skylark is as the name suggests, the equivalent of the Eurasian Skylark of East Asia.  It appears cosmetically similar to them, but a little smaller and more slender.  They seemed to spend their time scurrying alonside the roads, looking for food, having slightly more pipit like behaviour than other larks I've seen.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Alauda
SUBSPECIES: A. g. inconspicua, A. g. Ihamarum, A. g. weigoldi, A. g. inopinata, A. g. verynayi, A. g. gulgula, A. g. coelivox, A. g. wattersi

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A fairly common resident.
SINGAPORE / CAMBODIA 2019 TRIP - A some seen at Florican Grassland Reserve

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Rufous Woodpecker (Micropternus brachyurus)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Micropternus ("small heel") brachyurus ("short tailed")
Adult Rufous Woodpecker (subspecies M. b. squagmigularis) at Lower Pierce Reservoir, Singapore - February 2019

Featured Subspecies: Micropternus brachyurus squagmigularis
Weight: 55-114g
Length: 21-25cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

While my preference for this website is generally to have a photograph which clearly identifies the species in question, sometimes I must admit I must be a little more creative.  In this case, I had been been a Lower Pierce Reservoir, and could hear what was distinctively a woodpecker call from the forest opposite the boardwalk where I was standing.  Eventually, I caught it flying over and snapped this shot of it in typical woodpecker flight.  A bit of detective work later - there are eight species of woodpecker recorded in Singapore, two of which are the ruddy-brown shown in this picture.  To differentiate between them, it was then a matter of listening to the call recordings on Xeno-canto to see which one matched what I'd heard. 

Related Species:
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Genus: Micropternus
SUBSPECIES: M .b. humei, M. b. jerdonii, M. b. phaioceps, M. b. squagmigularis, M. b. brachyurus, M. b. badiosus, M. b. fokiensis, M. b. holroydi, M. b. annamensis 

 - Sighting Locations -
SINGAPORE - A scarce resident
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: One seen around Lower Pierce Reservoir and surrounding area

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Hair-crested Drongo (Dicrurus hottentottus)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Dicrurus ("fork-tailed") hottentottus (named after "Hottentots" of Southern Africa)
Adult Hair-crested Drongo (subspecies D. h. brevirostrisat Angkor Wat, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: Dicrurus hottentottus brevirostris
Weight: 76-102g
Length: 25-32cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

The Hair-crested Drongo is another drongo species of Cambodia, in this case identified by having a far less forked tail than the others.  I only saw these birds distantly, a flock feeding on the top of a distant tree.  It has been subject to a large amount of taxonomic revision, and even after being split apart from seven other species, still had a large number of subspecies.  Desite being named "hottentotus", it has nothing to do with Southern Africa - this is another erroneous attributation that seems to be recurring in some South East Asian bird species.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Dicruridae
Genus: Dicrurus
SUBSPECIES: D. h. hottentottus, D. h. brevirostris, D. h. viridinitens, D. h. borneensis, D. h. jentinkcki, D. h. leucops, D. h. guillemardi, D. h. pectoralis, D. h. banggaiensis, D. h. fabari, D. h. samarensis, D. h. palawanensis, D. h. cuyensis, D. h. striatus, D. h. suluensis

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A fairly common resident
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: Seen at Angkor Wat

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Saturday, 6 April 2019

Grey-headed Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis)

OTHER NAMES: Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher
Latin Etymology: Culicicapa ("midge seize") ceylonensis ("of Sri Lanka")
Adult Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher (subspecies C. c. calochryseaat Angkor Thom, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: Culicicapa ceylonensis calochrysea
Weight: 6-9g
Length: 12-13cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

Despite the name, this species isn't actually a member of the flycatcher family at all, and is infact a member of the Family Stenostiridae; a small group of birds that have fairly recently been found to comprise their own family having previously been distributed across various others, and are now known as the Fairy Flycatchers.  They are actually more closely related to the Tits than to other flycatchers, although they certainly have behavioural parralel evolution to the "True" flycatcatchers - this one was feeding with that characteristic flycatcher behaviour.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Stenostridae
Genus: Culicicapa
SUBSPECIES: C. c. calochrysea, C. c. ceylonensis, C. c. antioxantha, C. c. sejuncta, C. c. connectens

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A fairly common resident.
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: One near Angkor Thom

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Pericrocotus ("very golden-yellow") divaricatus ("spread out")
Adult male Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus) at Angkor Thom, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: N/A
Weight: 21g
Length: 18-20cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

The Ashy Minivet is a small passerine that feeds in the canopy in flocks, often in mixed species flocks.  It it breeds in the region of North China, Japan and Korea, and migrates into South-East Asia to Winter.  Here it shares it's range with the similar looking Swinhoe's Minivet, where the females of the two species may need a bit of attention to separate in the field.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Campephagidae
Genus: Pericrocotus
SUBSPECIES: none - monotypic 

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A locally common Winter visitor.
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: Seen around Angkor Thom

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Friday, 5 April 2019

Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus)

OTHER NAMES: Pale Drongo, Grey Drongo 
Latin Etymology: Dicrurus ("fork-tailed") leucophaeus ("ash coloured")
Adult Ashy Drongo (subspecies D. l. leucogenisat Ta Prohm, Cambodia - February 2019

Local Name (Khmer): ? 
Featured Subspecies: Dicrurus leucophaeus leucogenis
Weight: 32-55g
Length: 25-29cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

A very variable species that is found throughout the south-eastern quarter of Asia.  There are a total of fourteen subspecies and they could easily be mistaken for separate species; some like this leucogenis and pale grey with a white eye patch, while others are a deeper blue grey and others still and essentially black.  A forest based species, I saw them a few times in the areas surrounding the Angkor complexes.

Related Species:
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Dicruridae
Genus: Dicrurus
SUBSPECIES: D. l. longicaudatus, D. l hopwoodi, D. l. mouhoti, D. l. bondi, D. l. nigrescens, D. l. leucogenis, D. l. salangensis, D. l. innexus, D. l. stigmatops, D. l. batakensis, D. l. phaedrus, D. l. periophtalmicus, D. l. siberu, D. l. leucophaeus

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A locally common resident.
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: Seen around Angkor Thom and Ta Prohm

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Thursday, 4 April 2019

Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Ixobrychus ("reed like plant") sinensis ("of China")
Adult female Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensisat Prek Toal, Cambodia - February 2019

Featured Subspecies: N/A
Weight: 94g
Length: 36-38cm
Wingspan: 45-53cm
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

While Europe has only a pair of very easy to differentiate bitterns, South-East Asia has a whole range of birds which co-exist, often in the same habitats.  Out of these, the Yellow Bittern is one of the smaller ones and can be found in a range of wetland habitats ranging from parks right the way up to great marshland.  It is however secretive, and while I did see numerous small bitterns bursting from cover, this was the only one of the whole lot that I was able to photograph.

Related Species:
Order: Pelecaniformes
Family: Ardeidae
Genus: Ixobrychus
SUBSPECIES: none - monotypic 

 - Sighting Locations -
CAMBODIA - A scarce, localised resident.
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: One at Prek Toal

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Saturday, 30 March 2019

Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Pelargopsis ("stork appearance") capensis ("Cape of Good Hope" - erroneously)
Adult Stork-billed Kingfisher (subspecies P. c. malaccensis) at Sungei Buloh, Singapore - February 2019

Featured Subspecies: Pelargopsis capensis malaccensis
Weight: 140-220g
Length: 35-41cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

One of the largest of all Kingfishers, and certainly the biggest within it's range, the Stork-billed is a large powerful predator for the family, hunting not only fish but crabs, frogs, rodents and young birds.  It's large size and powerful bill give it a bolder demeanour, and it will apparently chase away eagles and other large predators.

Related Species:
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
Genus: Pelargopsis
SUBSPECIES: P. c. capensis, P. c. burmanica, P. c. intermedia, P. c. osmastoni, P. c. malaceensis, P. c. cyanopteryx, P. c. simalurensis, P. c. sodalis, P. c. nesoeca, P. c. isoptera, P. c. innominata, P. c. floresiana, P. c. javana, P. c. gouldi, P. c. gigantea

 - Sighting Locations -
SINGAPORE - A local resident
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP:Several at Sungei Buloh

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Lineated Barbet (Psilopogon lineatus)

OTHER NAMES: N/A
Latin Etymology: Psilopogon ("bare beard") lineatus ("marked with lines")
Adult Lineated Barbet (unknown subspecies at Sungei Buloh, Singapore - February 2019

Featured Subspecies: Unknown - introduced population
Weight: 115-205g
Length: 27-28cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

A far more substantial bird than the more common Coppersmith Barbet - the Lineated barbet is an introduced species in Singapore, but is apparently getting more established in forested areas.  Barbets as a family are largely frugivores.  Like their relatives the woodpeckers, they are cavity dwellers which they excavate.

Related Species:
Order: Piciformes
Family: Megalaimidae
Genus: Psilopogon
SUBSPECIES: P. l. hodgoni, P. l. lineatus

 - Sighting Locations -
SINGAPORE - An uncommon introduced resident
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP: One at Sungei Buloh

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .

Copper-throated Sunbird (Leptocoma calcostetha)

OTHER NAMES: Macklot's Sunbird
Latin Etymology: Leptocoma ("delicate hair") calcostetha ("bronze breast")
Adult female Copper-throated Sunbird (Leptocoma calcostethaat Sungei Buloh, Singapore - February 2019

Featured Subspecies: N/A
Weight: ?
Length: 12-13cm
Wingspan: ?
NO UK STATUS IUCN Red List: Least Concern

Unlike the other sunbird species I've seen to date, the copper-throated is a specialised species of a particular habitat: the mangroves.  I encountered them somewhat unexpectedly - I was exploring the boardwalks of Sungei Buloh, not really knowing what to expect when I met a very enthusiastic gentleman who has found a particularly showy pair and pointed them out to me!  Unfortunately, I failed to get an in focus photo of the beautiful irridescent male bird, but managed to get very clear views of both of them thanks to his generous help.

Related Species:
ORDER: Passeriformes
FAMILY: Nectariniidae
Genus: Leptocoma
SUBSPECIES: none - monotypic 

 - Sighting Locations -
SINGAPORE - A fairly common resident
 - CAMBODIA/SINGAPORE 2019 TRIP:Several at Sungei Buloh

Further Notes: BirdForum Opus, IUCN Red List, RSPB, Wikipedia, Xeno-canto .